Karsiyaka

It was established on foothills of Yamanlar Mountain at the north of Izmir Bay.  Bayrakli district is at the east and Cigli district is at the west of Karsiyaka. Aegean Sea is at its south and Yamanlar Mountain is at its north.  The major part of residential areas in the city are on plains near to the seaside.  The neighborhoods such as Cumhuriyet, Mustafa Kemal, Inonu are at foothills and the other residential areas are at sea level. After the Metropolitan Municipality Law, the villages of Sancakli and Yamanlar have become neighborhoods dependent to the municipality.

At a dating made by assessing occupation layers and ceramic objects found in a mound at Small Yamanlar Hill and which were destroyed at cistern diggings it was observed that Karsiyaka had a longer history than Old Izmir.

The earliest dated ceramics on the hill are dated by experts to later phase of Neolithic Age (5000 BC). There are some other mounds in Izmir and surroundings having traces of life in Neolithic Age such as Araplartepe, Urla Limantepe, Kemalpasa Ulucak Hoyuk, Bornova Yesilova Hoyugu inside Aliaga Helvaci Village borders.

The district was occupied by the Greeks on May 15th, 1919 and was saved by the 14th Cavalry Division on September 9th, 1922 at the command of Colonel Suphi Kula.

Since its settlement Karsiyaka was never considered to be an industrial city. The River Gediz was flowing to the sea until 1870's in Karsiyaka. After the change of river bed in those years the filling of the bay was prevented and the district was opened to settlement. After the building of railway in 1876 those who were living at the foothills have settled on the right and left side of the railway. After the start of ferrying in 1890 the second population movement was triggered.

Agriculture:

Karsiyaka is a region with intense city population. There is small scaled agriculture at the borders of the villages Sancakli and Yamanlar which are depending to the center. The agriculture comprises olives and gardening.  Because the region is located on foothills there are no big agricultural areas.  The big part of the today's city center was being used for agriculture in the past. Because this was the place where River Gediz was flowing to the sea until 1870's this region full with alluvial deposit and an agriculturally important area has become fully developed today. 

Trade and Industry:

There are no industrial facilities in Karsiyaka today. The Ataturk Organized Industrial Area where almost 500 variously scaled companies are found is now within the district of Cigli which was established in 1992. And Turan region which was planned as an entertainment and resting place also as a region of hotels is now within the borders of Bayrakli Municipality established in 2009.

Karsiyaka Marketplace located at the center is one of the most important marketplaces of Turkey in the number of visitors per day and business volume. There are transportation means to the marketplace by subway, sea, buses, dolmush and taxi dolmush. The tramway line which was tendered and started to be studied passes through the Karsiyaka Marketplace.  With large green areas next to the sea, modern buildings, cafés and restaurants, Karsiyaka marketplace is one of the most visited places for local and foreign tourists. Everyday 100 to 150 thousand people come to Karsiyaka marketplace for shopping or other reasons.

And because of the vision of “culture-art and  tourism” determined by the Municipality of Karsiyaka culture and art events are performed throughout the year. 

There is a military shipyard in Karsiyaka. 

Tourism:

When taking into consideration that the most dynamic companies are the small and mid-scaled ones the district contains many companies of this type.

Karsiyaka also has a tourism potential due to its long history. Tepekule (Smyrna) ruins of 5000 years and Tantalos grave in Bayrakli are important historic pieces. The mother of the great leader Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, Zubeyde Hanim's grave in Karsiyaka increases the importance of the district.

Presenting the Turkish Literature many renown authors such as Attila Ilhan, Salah Birsel and Tarik Dursun K., Karsiyaka has many preschools, primary school, a high school, 1 educational practice school, 1 public education center and an evening art school. Additionally, there is a teacher's lodge, teacher's local, health and education center, guidance and research center dependent on the Karsiyaka District National Education Directorate.

Preventive health services in the district are provided by 18 community clinics, 3 family planning and mother and child care centers and 1 Tuberculosis Control Dispensary.

Additionally Karsiyaka State Hospital with 250 beds, 1 diabetes center, 1 dental and prosthetic treatment center, 1 public health laboratory, 1 SSK dispensary, 1 national education dispensary, 1 jandarma dispensary, 2 Kizilay dispensary, 1 DEU Faculty of Medicine Polyclinic, 1 Baskent University Zubeyde Hanim Hospital and 1 Bayrakli Central Hospital are providing service.

There are almost 240 active pharmacies in the district. There is also 1 Preschool affiliated to the Provincial Social Services Office serving for children who are destitute and requiring care and a family consulting center.

Karsiyaka is settled on an area of 50 km' at the north of the bay. Its altitude varies from 1 to 700 meters. The district's population was 524,891 in 2008. But after the new legislation in 2008, Bayrakli has become a district and the current  population  of Karsiyaka has decreased to 315,008.

E-5 Expressway reaching to every region of our country and the railway built in 1865 pass through the district from one end to the other. Travel by boat from the Karsiyaka District to Konak, Alsancak, Pasaport, Goztepe , and by ferryboat to Uckuyular is performed. There are a quay each for Karsiyaka, Bostanli and Bayrakli.

There are ticket sales offices of all bus companies for intercity travels.